President of Egypt!

President of Egypt!
8 June 2014

Mabrouk!

Mabrouk!

Monirah Al-Ghaiaty Passed Away, 23 Dec. 2011

Monirah Al-Ghaiaty Passed Away, 23 Dec. 2011
Mama on New Year's Day 2011....Goodbye my beloved mama...miss you

athan

BeyoncĂ© “Halo”

JULY-AUGUST EVENTS

JULY-AUGUST EVENTS

BARCELONA, Spain

BARCELONA, Spain

ROME, Italy

ROME, Italy

RAMADAN KAREEM!

RAMADAN KAREEM!

prayers

2 Funny Babies!

Nancy Agram

Giovanna e Angiolino

Cheers!

Cheers!

Funny Animation!

Tom and Jerry ("Kitty Foiled!")

Evolution of Dance

Human Robot

First Dance As A Couple - very funny

Same couple...a few years later

Same couple...a few years later

JOKES...(for the ladies!)

One day my housework-challenged husband decided to wash his Sweat- shirt. Seconds after he stepped into the laundry room, he shouted to me, "What setting do I use on the washing machine?"

"It depends," I replied. "What does it say on your shirt?" He yelled back, "University of Oklahoma."

And they say blondes are dumb...

-----------------------------------------------------------


A couple is lying in bed. The man says, "I am going to make you the happiest woman in the world." The woman replies, "I'll miss you..."

-----------------------------------------------------------


"It's just too hot to wear clothes today," Jack says as he stepped out of the shower, "honey, what do you think the neighbors would think if I mowed the lawn like this?"

"Probably that I married you for your money," she replied.

-----------------------------------------------------------


Q: What do you call an intelligent, good looking, sensitive man? A: A rumor

-----------------------------------------------------------


A man and his wife, now in their 60's, were celebrating their 40th wedding anniversary. On their special day a good fairy came to them and said that because they had been so good that each one of them could have one wish.

The wife wished for a trip around the world with her husband.

Whoosh! Immediately she had airline/cruise tickets in her hands.


The man wished for a female companion 30 years younger...

Whoosh...immediately he turned ninety!!!

(Gotta love that fairy!)


-----------------------------------------------------------


Dear Lord,

I pray for Wisdom, to understand my man;

Love, to forgive him;

And Patience for his moods.

Because, Lord, if I pray for Strength, I'll beat him to death.

AMEN

-------------------------------------------------------------

Q: Why do little boys whine?

A: They are practicing to be men.


-------------------------------------------------------------

Q: What do you call a handcuffed man?


A: Trustworthy.

-------------------------------------------------------------

Q: What does it mean when a man is in your bed gasping for breath and calling your name?

A: You did not hold the pillow down long enough.

-----------------------------------------------------------

Q: Why do men whistle when they are sitting on the toilet?


A: It helps them remember which end they need to wipe.

-----------------------------------------------------------

Q: How do you keep your husband from reading your e-mail?


A: Rename the mail folder "Instruction Manuals"

-----------------------------------------------------------


Mad Wife Disease!

Mad Wife Disease A guy was sitting quietly reading his paper when his wife walked up behind him and whacked him on the head with a magazine. 'What was that for?' he asked. 'That was for the piece of paper in your pants pocket with the name Laura Lou written on it,' she replied. 'Two weeks ago when I went to the races, Laura Lou was the name of one of the horses I bet on,' he explained. 'Oh honey, I'm sorry,' she said. 'I should have known there was a good explanation.' Three days later he was watching a ball game on T.V. when she walked up and hit him in the head again, this time with the iron skillet, which knocked him out cold. When he came to, he asked, 'What the hell was that for?' She replied... 'Your horse called.'

JOKES...(for the men!)

JOKES...(for the men!)
Lunch!

ICU

ICU

Thinking about what I'm reading right now.......

Thinking about what I'm reading right now.......

Preparing my articles!

Preparing my articles!

Road Maps Coming Soon!

Road Maps Coming Soon!

Health Tips Too!

Health Tips Too!

READ ALL ABOUT IT!

READ ALL ABOUT IT!
Latest News & Articles

Monday, January 7, 2008

The Lost Land ... and People




The Lost Land ... (and people)


By Hoda Nassef

This is not a religious article depicting biblical or Islamic facts…but a recent history of the Nubians, whose lands were inundated and submerged by unnatural forces; i.e. the human hand.

This first happened in Nubia in 1933, when the Aswan Dam was elevated for the second time and all the villages of Nubia were submerged. At that time, the Egyptian government had allotted the relatively trivial sum of L.E. 750,000 as an indemnity to the Nubians for the 35,000 houses which were to be destroyed. Finally, the Nubians accepted the government’s offer with reluctance and started building just one year before their houses were submerged. No two houses were the same and each was more beautiful than the last; each village created its own character. Construction in the villages went ahead unimpeded. All were built at the same time because the Nubians, being remotely situated and living in isolated villages, had always depended on their own resources in building their houses. They had no contractors, engineers or architects, to help them.

The Nubians natural talent for aesthetical rural housing constructions inherited from their ancestors, became a study for masters in architecture, such as the renowned Architect Hassan Fathy and his followers. Fathy stated that the Nubians managed construction from scratch, mainly because they retained a roofing technique in mud brick, using vaults and domes, which had been passed down to them from their forefathers.

The earliest example of this technique was found by Garstang, in his excavations at Bayt Khalaf, in Minia. The buildings dated back to the 3rd dynasty. Later examples are the Necropolis of Giza and in the granaries of Ramesseum at Luxor, dating from the 6th and 19th dynasties respectively. In the Ptolemaic necropolis of Hermopolis at Tuna El-Gabal, such vaults were used to carry staircases, and in the early Christian period, there is a compound of 250 shrines, built in mud and roofed in vaults and domes – all in the same material. Most shrines built in this fashion at Bagawat in the Kharga Oasis around the 4th century, are still standing.

From the Islamic period, we have examples in which the same technique is applied in a most elaborate and sophisticated way, as the tombs found in the Fatimid Necropolis at Aswan, dating from the 10rh century.

Unfortunately, the Egyptian peasant abandoned this technique, except in Nubia, where it has prevailed. If it were not for this technique, which allowed Nubians to use mud brick for roofing their houses in 1934, it would have been impossible for them to rebuild so cheaply and in such a short time. Moreover, the Nubians’ roofing technique allowed them to display their artistic and architectural capabilities, in designing their houses.

Nubian vernacular (local traditional) architecture continued to be ignored by the rest of the world, until 1963 when the region was to be flooded for the third time. (The first was after the British built the original dam at Aswan in 1898, known then as the “khazan”. The second time was when the dam was elevated in 1933, and the third time was the construction of the High Dam itself in 1964.)

As the antiquities in Nubia were to be submerged, the world tried to save them, particularly the temple of Abu Simbel. The acting Minister of Culture, Dr. Tharwat Okasha, invited 20 artists and architects to visit the region before it disappeared. The Nile steamer “Dakka” was put at their disposal for that purpose, but the guests chose to visit the villages rather than the antiquities. Consequently, this visit was merely one of reconnaissance – too limited to make any proper record of Nubian vernacular architecture. It needed a more comprehensive survey in which measured drawings would be made of the architectural styles of the different regions of Nubia, namely the Kanuz, the Arab (Mahas) and the Nubi.

Architect Hassan Fathy was then commissioned by the Ministry of Culture to design the Higher Institute of Social Anthropology, which was to include an open-air museum and in which the architecture of the different regions of the country was to be represented. Nubia, he quoted, was given priority due to it being on the verge of disappearance. “We now had the opportunity of recording its architecture in a thorough and comprehensive way. But, this was all that was done officially to record Nubia’s peculiarly beautiful architecture,” he said.

Two of Hassan Fathy’s students and followers, literally followed ‘the master’ but without the allotted steamer. Instead, they took the journey (in 1963) without realizing that they were travelling the same way as the ancestors of the Nubians: a 300kms trek on foot from Aswan to Abu Simbel upstream, then they hand-built a raft which floated them downstream! In ancient Egyptian murals, boats sailing upstream from Abydos to Thebes, are shown to have sails, using the prevailing northerly winds. But boats going downstream from Thebes to Abydos, are depicted with oars and no sails, to show that they were going against the current. Together with Architect Hassan Fathy, the group comprised of only two social anthropologists and three architects. The big steamer could have accommodated 20 more passengers, if they wanted.

Dr. Omar El-Hakim was one of the students and followers. He said that the Nubian relocation should be an example for future rural redevelopment and settlement procedures, highlighting the significance of vernacular architecture in resettlement projects. “The people must be consulted about and included in the process of building their own environment.”

The ‘Nubian experience’ with its inherited techniques should continue to prevail, as it is an architectural style appropriate to Egypt’s habitat, environment and the needs of the communities they serve, as well as a less costly yet more realistic alternative to contracting for mass-produced housing with its expensive new technology.

Nubia is gone, for the progress of Egypt, but the Nubians still exist! They are scattered around Egypt, mainly neglected and living in slum areas. It is not their fault that their land was taken away from them. They deserve to earn a decent living, but the majority find jobs only as porters.



H.N.

Helwa Ya Baladi

Fedeehat Fatso!

Place Your Ads Here for FREE!

Place Your Ads Here for FREE!
Almost for free!!!

Successful Companies

Successful Companies
logos

3M

3M

AmCham-MENA

AmCham-MENA

ARAMEX

ARAMEX

Baron Hotels

Baron Hotels

BBC

BBC

BBC Arabic

BBC Arabic

Carrier

Carrier

Carlin Mid.-East

Carlin Mid.-East

CCC

CCC

CID Consulting

CID Consulting

Dot It

Dot It

Egycalendar

Egycalendar

Egyptian Gulf Bank

Egyptian Gulf Bank

Egypt Network

Egypt Network

ERS

ERS

FedEx

FedEx

Fed. of Egyptian Industries

Fed. of Egyptian Industries
Environmental NGO

Gardenia Springs

Gardenia Springs

General Motors

General Motors

GSE

GSE

Hassouna & Abou Ali

Hassouna & Abou Ali
Attorneys

HitekNofal

HitekNofal

ICE

ICE

Itissalat

Itissalat

Pharoanic Village

Pharoanic Village

QuadraTech

QuadraTech

Road Safety

Road Safety

Smart Car

Smart Car

Smart Limo

Smart Limo

SolutionsDotNet

SolutionsDotNet

Solutions.net

Solutions.net

Trane

Trane

TNT

TNT

The Rock

The Rock

UCmore

UCmore

Paul Simon and Miriam Makeeba

Celine DIon & Michael Bolton: Hold On, I'm Comin'

Hits Counter